It is thought by some people today that there is sufficient scientific evidence to believe that the entire universe started with a Big Bang without a designer.
How? Once there were no molecules and no atoms, just energy and subatomic particles like quarks, in one single location. Then this "electron-sized" spot, which contained all potential building blocks of the present mature universe, exploded, reason unknown, in a location unknown, at a time unknown (7.5 - 20 billion years ago), source unknown, and mechanism unknown.
This exploding bundle of mass-energy formed first into beautifully designed H2 molecules. This gas was then concentrated into localized regions by gravity and stars began to form.
Inside these newly formed stars, the heavier elements began to form: carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, metals, etc. In order to find these elements outside the stars, the stars had to explode. One way in which the star explosions could have occurred was for the star to nova or super nova. These are observed today.
The main evidence for the Big Bang theory is thought to be the Red Shift and the more recent observations of the COBE satellite which were supposed to have measured the tiny temperature ripples in the universe which theory says should be evidence for the Big Bang.
There are some objections that could be made to the Big Bang theory.
- Not all distant galaxies are red-shifted, some are blue-shifted. This would imply that not all matter is flying outwards from the point of singularity of the Big Bang. This is a contradiction.
- The law of cause and effect suggests that the cause must always be greater than the effect. It is illogical and non-scientific to suggest that a universe that is ordered and beautiful to the extent that ours is, could have come from a totally disordered cause such as the Big Bang. There is no event that has ever been observed where the effect is greater than the cause.
- Whenever a closed system is left to itself it always becomes more disorderly, it runs down, it wears out, it deteriorates. This law in known as the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Since the Big Bang supposedly occurred, the universe has been a closed system. Nowhere in the universe have we observed things unrusting, unwearing out or becoming more orderly. Exactly the very opposite is observed everywhere. We must conclude, therefore, that order could not have come from disorder.
- The law of angular momentum, which has never been violated in nature, suggests that a rotating body which explodes into a thousand pieces now shares its angular momentum with the thousand new pieces but the total amount has not changed. If there was no angular momentum in the first place, there would not be any after the explosion. In the heavens all observed galaxies orbit around one or more neighbours. In order for this to happen the law of conservation of angular momentum must have been violated during and after the Big Bang. That is impossible.
- The final objection I would like to present is the objection of plan and purpose. All objects and systems we have observed in the universe obey the laws of gravity, electrostatic attraction and repulsion, momentum and energy conservation, etc. These laws never make themselves, change themselves, or terminate themselves. No events that have been observed in the world of science have ever given birth to laws. Even the Big Bang could not have occurred without governing laws. Explosions don't make laws. The Big Bang was an explosion. Therefore it couldn't have made laws; there must be a law maker.
From the point of view of science and observation, the facts point to the Big Bang theory being unscientific and giving no hint from present or past observations that it could ever have given rise to the present universe without serious violations of many universal laws. A Big Bang without a cause is a Big Bang without an effect.
Mr. Rudi Fast, B.A. (honors physics), B.Ed.